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Monday
Samsung Shows Off New Foldable Phone Samsung has provided the public a first look at its new foldable smartphone.

The device was shown for the first time Wednesday during a Samsung developer’s conference in San Francisco, California.

The South Korea-based technology company first announced plans to build a fully foldable phone five years ago.

The phone is designed to fold open to make the device the size of a small tablet. It can also perform some operations of a tablet. When folded closed, the device looks and works like a normal smartphone.

Justin Denison is Samsung’s senior vice president of mobile product marketing. He introduced the device to people at the conference.

“Ladies and gentlemen, I give you the future of mobile display technology – the Infinity Flex Display.”

Denison demonstrated the device, which he said marked a major breakthrough in future smartphone technology.

“It’s finally here. When it’s open, it’s a tablet, offering a big screen experience. When closed, it’s a phone that fits neatly inside your pocket.”

Denison said the design and development of the foldable device was very complex. He said Samsung had to invent new manufacturing materials and methods and “re-imagine the display from the ground up.”

He said one of the biggest difficulties was finding a material that was flexible, but also strong enough to support repeated folding and unfolding of the device.

He said the Infinity Flex Display was designed to smoothly operate continuously when opened and closed. Denison said the device will permit users to keep up to three apps open at one time. With normal size smartphones, users have to keep changing between apps.

“We have been living in a world where the size of a screen could only be as large as the device itself,” Denison said. “We have just entered a new dimension.”

He said Samsung will “be ready to start mass production in the coming months.” No launch date has been announced. A message at the end of Denison’s presentation said only that the devices would be “arriving soon.”

Reuters reports that a top Google engineer spoke about a new Samsung device at a Google conference in California. The engineer said Samsung planned to introduce a new device with an Android operating system early next year. The engineer also said several other Android manufacturers were also working on foldable products.

Technology experts see the new foldable design as a way to get users to buy a new device seen as revolutionary. More people are deciding to hold onto smartphones longer because newly launched models do not offer major improvements and can be very costly.

This behavior is one reason for a steady decrease in worldwide smartphone sales over the past year. Research company IDC reported smartphone sales fell by 4 percent during the 12-month period ending in September 2018.

Samsung, the world’s leading seller of smartphones, suffered a 7 percent drop during the period, IDC said.

It remains to be seen whether foldable phones will become popular quickly. The devices are expected to cost more than $1,000.

Royole is a small California company hoping to sell early versions of a foldable-screen phone in the U.S. for $1,300 to $1,500. The company has not yet announced when its FlexPai device will be available in America. But it is planning to launch the product in China starting next month, at a price of about $1,300.

I’m Bryan Lynn.
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Tuesday
Gunman Kills 12 People in California Bar Shooting A gunman opened fire at a crowded bar in Southern California Wednesday night, killing 12 people and wounding many others.

The Borderline Bar and Grill in Thousand Oaks is popular among local college students. It was holding its weekly country music and dance night at the time of the shooting.

Police have identified the suspected killer as 28-year-old Ian David Long, a former Marine. He was found dead in the office of the Borderline, after reportedly having shot himself.

Ventura County Sheriff Geoff Dean told reporters Thursday that Long had served in Afghanistan. Dean said Long reportedly used a handgun in the attack. The gun had a special device that permitted it to hold more bullets than usual. The device is illegal in California.

There was no known motive for the shooting, Dean said. He added, “Obviously he had something going on in his head that would cause him to do something like this.”

It is the latest mass killing in the United States, and comes less than two weeks after 11 people were killed in a shooting at a Jewish religious center.

It also marks the deadliest mass shooting in the country since 17 people were killed earlier this year at a high school in Parkland, Florida.

The Borderline Bar is popular with students of California Lutheran University, Pepperdine University and other area schools.

Nineteen-year-old Cole Knapp was inside Borderline at the time of the shooting. He told the Reuters news agency that he saw the shooter enter the bar and stop at the counter. Then, Knapp said, he heard gunfire and saw a young woman at the counter shot repeatedly.

Knapp said, “It took a couple of seconds for people to realize what was going on and once that happened it was just utter chaos."

Seargent Ron Helus of Ventura County Sheriff's Office was the first law enforcement official to arrive at the Borderline Wednesday night. He was shot inside and later died at a hospital.

Dean said he believed about 150 to 200 people were inside the bar at the time of the shooting. “It could have been much, much worse,” he said.

Dean told reporters that officers went to the home of the suspected shooter about six months ago. Neighbor Tom Hanson had called the police with concerns about Long’s behavior.

Hanson told the Associated Press he had heard shouting and loud noises coming from the Longs’ home. He said, “I was concerned because I knew he had been in the military.”

Mental health specialists talked with Long and found that no special action was necessary.

Long had no criminal record.

President Donald Trump ordered flags to be flown at half-staff at public buildings and other areas Thursday. On Twitter, he praised police and other law enforcement for their “great bravery.” He also wrote, “God bless all of the victims and families of the victims.”

U.S. Representative Jerry Nadler is the top Democrat on the House Judiciary Committee. He said lawmakers would seek to pass gun control legislation when the House meets in January with a Democratic majority. He wrote on Twitter, “We must find a way to stop the senseless and many times preventable killings that are robbing our country of innocent lives.”

Thousand Oaks is a wealthy area about 60 kilometers northwest of Los Angeles. The website Niche named it the third-safest city in the United States in 2018.

Dean told reporters Thursday, “I’ve learned it doesn’t matter what community you’re in….It doesn’t matter how safe your community is. It can happen anywhere.”

I’m Caty Weaver.
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Wednesday
Why Is 'Cream of the Crop' the Best of the Best? Now, the VOA Learning English program Words and Their Stories.

On this show, we explore language. Where do expressions come from? And how do we use them?

Today we go down on the farm – the dairy farm, to be exact.

Many female animals, such as cows and goats, produce milk for their young. Cream is the fat in milk. And we use cream from farm animals to make many tasty foods. We also use cream in some really great expressions!

Let’s start with the best of the best – the cream of the crop!

You’re the cream of the crop. You’re the tip of the top.

You’re the best of the best – ahead of the rest.

(Sister Sledge sings “Cream of the Crop” from 1976.)

When you let milk sit, cream rises to the top. The cream is considered to be the best tasting part of milk. So, if something is the “cream of the crop,” it the best of its kind. For example, the apples from a farm near my house are the best, I could say they are the cream of the crop.

But English speakers use this expression for just about anything, not just food or drink.

We can describe people this way. For example, the students listed at the top of their class are generally the cream of the crop.

The noun “cream” has been used to mean "the best" since the 16th century. The French expression la crème de la crème means "the cream of the cream." And it came into use in English by the year 1800.

These days, we commonly use crème de la crème in informal, everyday speech. You can often hear Americans say this even if they have never spoken French in their lives. For some reason, they drop the first article “la”. (Well, perhaps the reason is that they do not actually speak French.)

Now, back to foods!

Cream is used in many foods. Naturally, you needs cream to make a cream puff! A cream puff is a light and delicate pastry filled with sweet cream. They are a popular treat and can be very delicious.

Outside of the bakery, however, cream puffs can also describe a person.

If you call a man a “cream puff,” you are saying he is weak – both physically and mentally. And he is really not that good at anything.

Now, a cream puff you get from the bakery is delicate and can fall about easily. So, when talking about a woman, a cream puff is a delicate female.

I know she doesn't really want to stay. Be careful how you hold her. Please don’t ever scold her. She’s my cream puff.

(UB40 sings “Cream Puff.”)

However, I would not suggest calling a woman a “cream puff.” It’s best to leave the cream puffs in the bakery.

Talking about baked good, many are made with butter. And butter comes from cream!

You start with a bowl filled with fresh cream. If you beat the cream again and again, you will get butter. Many dessert recipes call for mixing, or creaming, butter with other ingredients like sugar.

Creaming butter is an important part of making some foods. It can take some time and arm strength to cream butter, especially if it is cold. You must beat and beat the butter until it becomes soft.

So, it is not surprising that when you get creamed in real life, you get beaten badly. You can get creamed in a sporting event. If your basketball team loses by 30 points -- you guys got creamed.

Usually there is an opponent who creams you. So, if you do poorly on a test, you would not say you got creamed. That would mean you were competing against other students and they won.

We also use the term “creamed” when talking about a physical beating. So, if someone beats you up -- which we hope will never happen -- you could say that person creamed you. (That is terrible and we are so sorry.)

But maybe the person who creamed you is a good friend. They apologized, and now, everything seems better. You could say that everything between you is now peaches and cream. This means a situation that started off badly or was going badly is now very much improved.

Here is another example. And this one does not involve anyone getting "beat up."

Let’s say a new business got off to a bad start. The office space was in poor shape. The product launch failed. And several investors pulled out. But now, a year later, the company is turning a profit, the offices are beautiful and all the investors are happy. Everything is peaches and cream!

Peaches and cream is also used to describe a woman’s skin. This means her skin is creamy, clear and soft. Which is strange, when you think about it. Peaches are usually yellowish-orange and a little fuzzy. That would mean someone with a peaches-and-cream skin would look a little orange and a little hairy.

But it doesn’t mean that. As we often say, English is funny that way!

And that’s Words and Their Stories. I’m Anna Matteo.

Your final return will not diminish

And you can be the cream of the crop;

It's not where you start, it's where you finish,

And you're gonna finish on top!
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Thursday
Lion Air Crash Brings Attention to Growth, Safety The crash of a Lion Air plane last month has brought attention to the airline’s safety record as well as airline industry growth in Indonesia.

All 189 passengers and crew members were killed in the crash of flight JT 610. The plane crashed into the sea not long after takeoff from the Jakarta airport. Just before the crash, the pilot asked to return to the airport.

An accident investigator and a flight tracking website reported that the aircraft had some problems on its previous flight. Its airspeed readings were not dependable.

On Monday, investigators said the flight data recorder from the Boeing 737 Max 8 plane showed its airspeed indicator had been damaged during its final four flights.

Boeing said on Wednesday it had sent a message to airlines reminding pilots about procedures for dealing with incorrect data from sensors. The United States Federal Aviation Administration also issued an order calling for changes on how pilots should react in such a situation.

Demand for air travel

The Lion Air crash demonstrates some of the difficulties that carriers in developing countries face. They must keep up with demand for air travel, while also aiming for established safety rules.

With 129 million passengers in 2017, Indonesia is the world’s 10th-largest aviationmarket. It is expected to only continue growing.

In the past 10 years, the numbers of domestic passengers there have grown three times higher, thanks to a combination of low ticket prices and increased personal incomes.

The United Nations aviation agency reported the growth has been met with an air-accident rate that was two times the worldwide average in 2017. The accident rate in Indonesia is also higher than its neighbors in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.

Indonesian pilots are permitted to fly up to 110 hours each month. Many countries set the limit at 100 hours. Boeing reported last year that, around the world, a total of seven commercial planes had been damaged beyond repair. Two were in Indonesia. Neither was a Lion Air plane, however.

Lion Air has expanded quickly since it started flying in 2000.

The privately owned carrier captured more than half of Indonesia’s domestic market. It started offering flights to Thailand and Malaysia.

It now flies more passengers than the national carrier Garuda Indonesia.

Safety standards

In April 2013, a Lion Air Boeing 737 missed the runway on the Indonesian resort island of Bali in bad weather. It went into the sea and crashed on the rocks. All 108 on board survived. But a 2014 report by Indonesia’s air crash investigators said the 24-year-old co-pilot had failed to follow the “basic principles of jet aircraft flying.”

In 2007, the European Union (EU) barred all 100 of Indonesia’s airlines from flying to its airports. Most of the country’s airlines are very small.

The ban was lifted in 2009 for the national carrier Garuda Indonesia. The EU removed Lion Air from the ban in 2016. The rest of the airlines all came off the list in June of this year.

Chappy Hakim is a former air force chief of staff and advisor to the Indonesian transport ministry. He told Reuters that he avoided flying with Lion Air or other Indonesian airlines. He only flies Garuda, which has not had a deadly crash since 2007.

“I know Garuda,” he said. “The other airlines, I don’t believe they do the maintenanceand training properly.”

Lion Air Managing Director Daniel Putut disputed any question in connection to the carrier’s safety culture. He said Lion Air followed the plane’s usual maintenance.

The Indonesian aviation authority did not answer Reuters’ requests for comment about Lion Air’s safety record.

Developing a safety culture

Putut, a former pilot, told Reuters that Lion Air had worked hard to develop a safety culture after the Bali crash in 2013. He said thousands of Lion Air flights had taken off and landed without serious problems until last month.

Frank Caron served as Lion Air’s safety manager from 2009 to 2011. He said he was troubled at that time by what he called the airline’s attitude about safety. For example, after the 2013 Bali crash, Lion Air co-founder Rusdi Kirana told local media asking about the airline’s safety record, “If we are seen to have many accidents, it’s because of our frequency of flights.”

After the Bali crash, investigators recommended that Lion Air should make sure that “all pilots must be competent in hand-flying.” They also suggested teaching correct coordination for pilots and co-pilots. They also urged the aviation authority to make sure all of the country’s carriers did the same.

Putut said Lion Air fully accepted those recommendations.

I'm Dorothy Gundy.
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Friday
Pizza Museum Serves Up 'Tasty' Art “Who loves pizza?” is a question you almost never have to ask an American.

A better question might be “Who doesn’t love pizza?”

Now, there is a place for all pizza lovers to gather: the newly-opened Museum of Pizza. It can be found in America’s pizza capital — New York City.

A company called Nameless Network came up with the idea for the museum, known as “MoPi” for short.

“It’s often that the simplest ideas are the best,” said Alexandra Serio. She is with Nameless Network.

The company used the popularity of pizza as a way to get people “looking at art and hearing about history in a different format,” Serio explained.

She added that Nameless Network asked many kinds of artists to create art works about pizza. They, in turn, provided large photographs, sculptures and huge installations.

Thousands see MoPi

The Museum of Pizza is set up in a large space on the street level of the William Vale Hotel in Brooklyn, New York.

MoPi is a “pop-up” museum – meaning it can be enjoyed only for a short time before being moved somewhere else.

So far, the museum has had lots of visitors. More than 6,000 people came through the doors when it opened this month.

Visitors seem to love MoPi’s bright colors, which makes it perfect for taking selfies and other photographs for social media.

Nene Raye, from New Jersey, was a recent visitor. Raye did not expect to see what she saw – and she was happy about that.

Honestly, I thought it would be, like, more of a traditional museum, she said.

But instead, Raye got some of everything. “So you get a little bit of education and then some fun, which I love," she said.

Nameless Network’s Alexandra Serio said that, in recent years, art museums have changed as they’ve aimed for younger visitors. They are becoming more interactiveand photo-friendly, she said.

Pizza lovers love it

Lydia Melendez had made plans to visit the pizza museum in April. For her, the experience was worth the wait.

“I thought it was going to be kind of boring,” she said. She imagined walking in and finding books on how to make pizza.

But she was very pleased when her actual experience was different than what she had imagined.

Pizza may be what has captured the interest of crowds. But the point of the museum has been to help people experience more art.

Serio said the Museum of Pizza’s crowds are unlike the crowds at more traditional museums. But MoPi is making art available to everyone.

I’m Alice Bryant.
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